PART 3: CHILDREN'S OUTCOMES - SOCIAL, EMOTIONAL AND BEHAVIOURAL

Sexual and Health Behaviour

Teenage Pregnancy

Teenage pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of poor social, economic and health outcomes for both mother and child. 44 Specific outcomes have been identified, including babies with a low birth weight; high infant mortality; high child mortality; high hospital admissions for children; high rates of post-natal depression; and low take-up of breastfeeding. 44

Measure

The number of births to girls aged 10-17.

Key findings

  • The number of babies born in Ireland in 2002 was 60,503 (see Table 71). This increased to 64,237 in 2006. In contrast, the number of babies born to girls aged 10-17 has decreased, from 779 in 2002 to 577 in 2006 (see Figure 28).

Table 71: Number and rate (per 100,000) of births among girls aged 15-17* (2002-2006)

  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Age No. Rate No. Rate No. Rate No. Rate No. Rate
15-17 years 779 864 753 849 624 722 612 724 577 690
18-24 years 10,726 4,753 10,453 4,603 10,082 4,438 9,547 4,189 10,130 4,442
25 and over 48,654 6,790 49,983 6,822 50,854 6,780 51,127 6,622 53,495 6,681
Age not stated 344 - 340 - 412 - 86 - 35 -
Total
all ages
60,503 5,860 61,529 5,868 61,972 5,827 61,372 5,659 64,237 5,775

* The number of births to females aged 15-17 includes a small number to mothers aged 10-14 years.

Source: Vital Statistics and Census Population Estimates, CSO

Figure 28: Number of births among girls aged 10-17 (2002-2006)

fig24

Source: Vital Statistics and Census Population Estimates, CSO

  • In 2006, the number of births to girls aged 10-17 represents 0.9% of the births to females of all age groups (see Table 72).
  • Births to girls aged 10-17 as a percentage of all births has shown a consistent decrease between 2002 (1.3%) and 2006 (0.9%).

Table 72: Births to girls aged 10-17 as a percentage of all births (2002-2006)

   
2002 1.3
2003 1.2
2004 1.0
2005 1.0
2006 0.9

Source: Vital Statistics and Census Population Estimates, CSO

  • There were 10 babies born to girls in the 10-14 age group in 2006.
  • In 2006, just over one-third (34.7%) of births to girls aged 10-17 occurred in Dublin (see Table 73).

Table 73: Number and proportion of births to mothers aged 10-17, by county (2006)

County No. of births
to 10-17 year-olds
No. of births
to all ages
Births to 10-17 year-olds
as % of total births
Carlow 14 847 1.7
Clare 18 1,741 1.0
Cork 55 7,326 0.8
Donegal 20 2,067 1.0
Dublin 200 17,623 1.1
Galway 21 3,404 0.6
Kildare 32 3,405 0.9
Kilkenny 13 1,197 1.1
Laois 8 1,060 0.8
Limerick 31 2,736 1.1
Louth 12 1,703 0.7
Mayo 11 1,623 0.7
Meath 16 2,907 0.6
Monaghan 5 683 0.7
Offaly 8 1,102 0.7
Other counties 20 4,501 0.4
Sligo 9 843 1.1
Tipperary 17 2,121 0.8
Waterford 19 1,755 1.1
Westmeath 12 1,361 0.9
Wexford 19 2,120 0.9
Wicklow 17 2,112 0.8
Total 577 64,237 0.9

Source: Vital Statistics, CSO

Technical notes
Figures relate to registered live births and exclude stillborn babies. Population estimates are based on the de facto population present on Census night in any area. This includes visitors present on Census night as well as those in residence, while usual residents temporarily absent from the area are excluded from the Census count. The number of births in 2004 differs from the totals published in the last State of the Nation's Children report due to CSO revisions. The number of births to females aged 15-17 includes a small number of births to females aged 10-14. The denominator used to calculate the birth rate of females aged 15-17 is based on the population in that age group (rather than the population aged between 10-17).

Next

43 NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (1997) 'Preventing and reducing the adverse effects of unintended teenage pregnancies', Effective Health Care, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 1-12.

44 Social Exclusion Unit (1999) Teenage Pregnancy Report. London: Social Exclusion Task Force.